Image Source
Info Source:
The Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Golden-winged Warbler

The Golden-winged Warbler is a small songbird with a slim body, short tail and a thin straight bill. Adults are silvery gray with a yellow crown and large yellow patches on the wings. Golden-winged Warblers are typically found in tangled, shrubby woodlands or open wetland habitats. These small birds eat caterpillars, moths, and other insects, and spiders from among the foliage within their habitat.

Golden-winged warblers are known as long distance migrants, traveling from states east of the Mississippi River and west of the Appalachian Mountains to Central America, South America, and Caribbean Islands, like St. Croix.

The Golden-Winged Warbler is listed as Near Threatened and is known to be the smallest population of any bird that is not listed on the endangered species list. The population of the Golden-Winged Warbler has sharply declined over the years. The North American Breeding Bird Survey estimates a steady 2.6 percent per year decline since 1966—amounting to an overall decline of 76 percent. Partners in Flight estimates the global population at 410,000, with 84 percent breeding in the U.S. and 16 percent breeding in Canada. The steady decline of the Golden-Winged Warbler is attributed to habitat loss, hybridization, and competition with the Blue-Winged Warbler. The Cornell Lab and partners in the Golden-winged Warbler Working Group have a conservation plan to stop the decline and grow the population 50% by the year 2050.